It is important to vaccinate your puppies and adult dogs to protect them from diseases that can be life-threatening.
Rabies – Rabies is a fatal disease which affects the central nervous system. The rabies virus is secreted in an animal’s saliva and primarily transmitted by an affected animal biting a non-affected animal. The main carriers of rabies in Alberta are skunks and bats.
The rabies vaccine is initially given between 12-16 weeks of age. A booster is given in a years’ time after initial vaccination then every 3 years.
Distemper Virus - This virus is a very contagious virus which affects a dog's respiratory, gastrointestinal, urogenital and central nervous systems. There is no known cure for canine distemper, and the virus can be spread from an affected animal through the air (coughing/sneezing) and indirect or direct contact.
The DHP-PV-CV vaccines are given at 8,12 and 16 weeks then boosted in one year and then should be good for 3 years like the rabies vaccine.
Hepatitis – This is a viral infection which affects the liver.
Parvo Virus– Parvo causes vomiting and diarrhea. Young pups can really dehydrate, get endotoxemia and it's hard to save them. They need IV fluids and intensive care. This can be costly and they can still die, despite our efforts. Parvo can be prevented by vaccination every 4 weeks from when the pup is 6 weeks old until after 16 weeks of age. Pups should also be kept out of off-leash areas and away from unvaccinated dogs until 10-14 days after their last 16-week vaccine.
Para Influenza is a respiratory pathogen that, on its own, does not usually cause disease, but in combination with other viruses, it can be a problem so it is included in most dog vaccines.
Corona virus is another cause of diarrhea and vomiting.
Kennel cough vaccines need to be given yearly. Dogs that go to groomers, boarding facilities, daycares and dog shows may benefit from this vaccine. Kennel cough is an annoying cough that does not usually cause severe disease, but it is contagious and takes a long time to go away.
Cats are susceptible to many viruses. We try to prevent these with vaccines.
Rabies – There is a special rabies vaccine for cats now. It has no adjuvant and has to be given at 3 months and then yearly after that. It was thought that the adjuvant in the old rabies vaccine caused cancer in some cats, so they came out with this newer, safer one that needs a yearly booster.
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis causes respiratory infection in cats. Kittens sneeze, get runny noses and eyes and can die from that as they lose their appetites.
The FVRCCP vaccine is given at 8 weeks of age and requires a booster in a month, then another booster in another month. The vaccine is boostered in a year and then is good for 3 years.
Calicivirus is an upper respiratory infection with similar signs as above but sometimes there are ulcers in the mouth and on the tongue.
Panleukopenia is a potentially fatal disease which may cause a sudden onset of severe vomiting and diarrhea. It is especially dangerous in kittens.
Pneumonitis Chlamydia is another common respiratory infection which produces sneezing, fever and a thick discharge from the eyes.
Leukemia – This virus decreases the ability of the immune system to respond to infection and may lead to the development of different types of cancer. Leukemia is passed from cat-to-cat by direct contact, making outdoor and multi-cat households especially at high-risk.
We recommend giving the Leukemia vaccine with the first set of FVRCCP vaccines and it requires one booster in a month. Leukemia vaccines are boostered yearly.
If you have any questions about our vaccination programs, please don't hesitate to give us a call.